Welcome to Dazz Gold

Welcome to Dazz Gold

Gold, the 79th element on the Periodic Table of the Elements, is one of the more recognizable of the bunch. It is malleable and shiny, making it a good metalworking material. Chemically speaking, gold is a transition metal. Transition metals are unique, because they can bond with other elements using not just their outermost shell of electrons (the negatively charged particles that whirl around the nucleus of an atom), but also the outermost two shells. This happens because the large number of electrons in transition metals interferes with the usual orderly sorting of electrons into shells around the nucleus.

  • Atomic Number (number of protons in the nucleus): 79
  • Atomic Symbol (on the Periodic Table of Elements): Au
  • Atomic Weight (average mass of the atom): 196.9665
  • Density: 19.3 grams per cubic centimeter
  • Phase at Room Temperature: Solid
  • Melting Point: 1,947.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1,064.18 degrees C)
  • Boiling Point: 5,162 degrees F (2,850 degrees C)
  • Number of isotopes (atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons): Between 18 and 59, depending on where the line for an isotope is drawn. Many artificially created gold isotopes are stable for microseconds or milliseconds before decaying into other elements. One stable isotope.
  • Most common isotopes: Au-197, which makes up 100 percent of naturally occurring gold.

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